|Source: Drakefyre canon|
Novah is the language of the Vahnatai. It literally means 'speak of the people', from 'no', speak, and 'vah', people.
- 1 General Information
- 2 Grammar
- 3 Pronounciation
- 4 Vocabulary
- 5 Culture & Idioms
- 6 Sources
Novah is often written in a pictorial alphabet where each syllabic word is expressed by a single rune. Compound words are made up of the characters of each of their compounds. There are practically no multi-syllabic words in Novah; almost all such words are compound words.
Novah also possesses a phonetic alphabet that is used in less formal writing. In this alphabet, compound words are separated by a dot near the middle of the writing line, which is often rendered as an apostrophe by humans.
The letters of this alphabet are similar to the one used by humans (in all but appearance), except that the letter "C" does not exist. There is, however, a single character for "CH". Similarly, the latter "Y" does not exist, though it can most closely be rendered by the letters "AI" - it is never used as a consonant.
Vahnatai speak and write dates in the order of "Day, Month, Year".
Articles, definite or indefinite, do not exist in Novah.
Numbers are never written out even in phonetic writing - they are rather represented by their rune in the formal alphabet. In the vocabulary, the rendition of numbers as words is solely used as a pronounciation guide.
Novah employs a decimal system like the human language does. When pronouncing or writing a number, they list the digits of a number from highest value to lowest, but without any additional value modifications. Thus, three hundred and sixty two is pronounced "three six two". In writing, multi-digit numbers are handled like compound words and much like human number symbols.
When a group of objects is described, the number is attached at the beginning of the noun. Thus, "3-person" means a group of three persons. Plurals do not exist in Novah.
Ordinal Numbers & Ranking
Separate ordinal numbers do not exist as such. When describing something as "the third", the word "three" is rather appended to the word as a compound, thus "third person" is "person-3". A number following the word signifies an ordinal, while a number preceding the word signifies a quantity.
The exceptions to this rule are "first" and "last", which have individual words. Unlike other ordinal modifiers, these words ("le" and "ind" respectively) are prepended to the words they modify. Thus "first-person" or le-vah.
In dealing with large numbers, Vahnatai employ a type of scientific notation that uses only whole numbers, however. In this notation, 36,000 is "three six power three", and 1,000,000 is "(one) power six", where the one is usually left out.
Decimals and Fractions
Decimals are represented by numerical runes separated by the rune 'zy', which represents a decimal point. 13.86 is pronounced "one three decimal eight six". Fractions like 3/4 are pronounced "three divided by four".
Nouns are formed by combining descriptive runes until the meaning is clear.
A noun can be derived from a verb by appending the syllable "ot", which is also the verb "to do". This resulting noun describes either a person doing the action described, or the object of such an action.
Verbs are formed the same way as nouns, and the context in which they are used determines meaning and tense.
Adjectives, as in Imperial Standard, precede the nouns that they modify. They are often attached as a compound to the noun (thus "yellow-metal"). Adjectives can be used to modify verbs in the same way as nouns. When several adjectives are used, no particular order is necessary, though numbers are usually mentioned first and colors last.
A noun or a verb can be formed into an adjective by appending the word "like" (dhe) to it. Thus ol'dhe means "dream-like".
The subject of a sentence goes first, is followed by an optional object, while the verb is the last part of a sentence. A sample sentence would be:
Tah'ifv'toh stal'aiz ia'dhe'al'tai.
Two small children quickly eat/ate the shining blue crystal. (ia-dhe means radiance-like)
In all places, 'DH' sounds a soft 'th', like in 'then' or 'that'.
Metals are described with color modifiers - gold is "yellow metal", copper is "orange metal", et cetera.
Novah contains no words like uncle or aunt, instead they use father-sister or mother-sister. Ties are supposedly closer through female relatives. Niece is sister-daughter, etc.
In cases of more than one sibling of the same sex, they are referred to by others as first relative. For example, there are two girls born to a family. The elder is referred to as 'le-gek', or first-sister, by her younger sister and 'le-pai', first daughter, by her parents. The younger is referred to as 'gek-tah' or sister-two (second sister) by her elder sibling and 'pai-tah' or daughter-two by her parents.
If she is part of the group, the speaker includes herself in the numbering (note that sons and daughters are counted separately). Thus, if the middle of three sisters is referring to her nephew by her younger sister, she would call him her sister-three-son, or 'gek-ner-ail'. Note that the ordinal number follows the noun, thus the number refers to the noun immediately preceding it. The second nephew of the younger sister would be 'gek-ner-ail-tah', or sister-three-son-two.
Complex relations may require long phrases, but it is nevertheless common for relations to be expressed with the greatest precision in Novah.
Shapes are referred to by their number of sides, except is special cases like circles and squares. Triangles are "three shape", octagons "eight shape."
Novah to English
a - curious, ambitious, masterful, to be aa - to kill, slay, or defeat ach - is the number e or lim x->infinity of (1 + 1/x)^x or approx. 2.71828182845904523536. afv - chemicals ah - psyche, psychic, psychology, etc. ahd - to control, master ahl - fee ai - power, caves aif - listen or hearing aik - high, lofty, tall, above ail - son, boy ain - nine airv - shallow ais - hate, despise aiv - legacy aiz - to eat or drink ak - hostility akh - red al - blue ald - regular alth - run, race alv - guilt an - room anv - destroy aof - monotone aol - swirl aom - lizard (for food) aon - father aot - top ar - agitated, upset, or irate asg - cut, cutter at - wisdom, wise av - town az - sharp bam - violet bao - cosine function (adjacent/hypotenuse) behl - meddle, interfere behn - date bel - five ben - mirror, reflection, to reflect bes - heart bhef - soul bhev - minute (time) bhof - omnivore bin - disturbance (usually referring to civil) bit - to command, or order blev - spread blm - unit of measurement; about 800 feet blot - dull blust - before bof - pentagram bofv - erode bohl - impale bok - soul, great leader bon - patience bor - south bos - spectral bosg - temporal bott - farm or farmer chai - plane (astral) chark - acidic, corrosive chel - hour chi - across, beyond chit - insect chiv - stop, cease cho - spring (water and season) chod - pull chult - charm, fool, trick, deceive chuu - slime, goo dah - locked or closed dahr - boat dak - nether dal - drift, drifting, wander deb - rash (health) defv - release deka - naming; usually referring to the ritual del - glass (or to damage) den - building, architecture denf - drown der - joy dhaa - mother dhael - waterfall dhai - expression dhaiv - chop, cut, sever dhas - rash (action) dhe - like, similar, same dhef - tarry, adhere dhel - capture dhet - sorrow, sad, emotional pain dhev - vanish dho - noble, lord di - dark, gloomy don - ruins dra - head draid - magical portal dri - still, stagnant drib - doom dron - edge, near complete dwil - large, great e - to walk or move eb - single, alone. See 'en' eg - tower ehf - capitulate, surrender eig - prod, poke eks - pyramid el - glow ell - apart, separate, to divide (mathematics) en - one enf - to initiate ent - area, integral ( *f(x)dx ) esg - sedge, swamp esk - black evk - dispel fai - secant function (hypotenuse/adjacent) fak - round falw - brother fas - fish fdel - dreary fehr - want, like fel - backward fen - angle fev - law, policy, statute fevr - mathematical or scientific law for - test fren - sight gad - chasm, pit ge - volume (mathematics) gek - sister gev - wrong ghai - content (newspaper) ghan - prism ghef - compete, competitive ghel - leg ghik - plain, common ghik - guard, guarding ghil - foreground, front, fore gho - for ghof - plant glan - fountain gli - hold or posses glir (glyr) - sick, aged glos - perimeter gnee - hidden or to hide gra - skin, flesh gyn - monument gyr - tooth, fang h - empty hai - multitude haif - leaf hait - enter hal - west hald - select, choose hef - right (morals) hi - time hif - six ho - chance hrad - foot hrai - haunt hraisk - dry, brittle hreg - conflict, strife hrel - research hresk - raze hron - tree ia - radiance, radiant, shine, shining id - mind ieb - wind if - eight ifv - small, fine, complex ig - examine, analyze ihf - shudder ihr - wise ihv - metal ik - blade in - shell ind - final, last inf - everlasting, eternal ink - hand int - process inx - scarce ip - clear ipa - value is - ruby isb - follow isk - deep ist - push it - peace iv - welcome ix - possible, sometimes jai - cosecant function (hypotenuse/opposite) jaik - certain, always jan - lost jave - exit jedh - animal hide jef - to have jefv - current (water and time) jekk - mist jel - chaos, chaotic, random jor - morning jusb - wet juu - tangent function (opposite/adjacent) jux - never, impossible ka - mage, shaping, light kaf - piercing kaf - week kahg - by kahl - year kahr - algebra kai - ripple kal - day kap - left (direction) kas - river kas - river, flow kat - low, under, below, beneath kavt - pain (physical) kefv - logic kejj - constant kep - adobe ker - identity, to identify kha - path, journey khel - in, inside kho - original (not copied) khof - hollow khom - to hide oneself khot - wyrm or serpent kist - boredom klav - to draw klev - of or pertaining to ecology klo - apprentice kob - up kor - iron, circle korv - to direct, directions kov - seven krai - copy kre - clean kreh - eve kres - adjacent side of triangle kro - serious kru - fall (physical), hyperbolic (precedes trig function to make hyperbolic) kry - energy ku - east kyh - bearer, to bear l - pi (circumference/diameter) la - health lai - sound, music lak - cauldron, cup, bowl lan - diameter lar - converse, talk las - expect le - first, original, primary lehk - drip lehm - guide lem - bed len - birth lenf - complete, whole lep - raise lham - plane (math) lhan - somber lhev - negotiate, settle lhor - soft, shapeable li - lake lin - light (weight) lis - calm lit - problems, troubles lith - dust llef - abundant llom - book lo - future lom - yes, affirmative, positive, add, plus, good, beneficial lon - dance lor - memory lorn - heavy lort - lies mad - pond maf - solid mahv - ruler mahx - depression, depressed man - village, blessing mao - near, close mas - rug mav - branch (tree) mefv - carnivore mehd - stone (material) mem - animal men - path, passage, or road mhef - minute, small, of no importance mhev - to hide another mhon - variable misk - repel, away mohk - humble mu - love mud - slow, decelerate na - life, living, or alive naf - leave, left nah - right (direction) nai - dimension nakt - usually drake, occasionally dragon nas - scheme or schemer nask - increase nasr - arm nath - experiment or contemplate nech - axis (graphing) ned - will (mind) nef - difficult nehb - greed, greedy, possessive nehk - instructor, teacher nehm - admonish, reprimand nel - graph ner - three nert - hypotenuse of triangle nesd - farewell, bye nhel - coefficient no - speak/speaker, define, definition nol - seek, seeker not - line noth - food nu - change nump - decrease o - opposite side of triangle oat - numbers, numerals oh - bind ohv - evil ol - dream or dreamer old - blood olg - dome olm - ocean on - devotion, faith or - ground, floor, earth, rock, land ora - divine, diviner, divinity orlg - new orv - multiply osk - strange, odd ot - to do, take action oth - grey oz - electric, charged paa - treaty, agreement, settlement, treatise pai - daughter, girl pan - rotate par - burden paz - curve pef - stone, petrify (verb) pehk - arid pen - and phi - of or pertaining to economics phyr - cost pi - palm pil - four pin - learn, study pir - silver pit - valour, courage, bravery plet - herbivore poh - different pon - watch or observer por - status, position porf - fungus preh - humility prel - steadfast, trusty man, faithful vassal pres - knowledge prev - basalt pros - perception, perceive pu - hot pua - sine function (opposite/hypotenuse sides of triangle) pum - carefree ra - fire rach - entangle, entrap, a trap rah - text rai - wave raif - scare raiv - trade, exchange red - to own rehd - restrain rehg - bubble ren - white rhofv - machinery ri - mushrooms rihs - compose rikh - even rin (ryn) - perfection, shimmer ris - to plot or plan ro - cube, being, or spirit sal - chair sal - disk sav - yellow sdoh - content (psyche) se - truth seht - month sek - towards sent - finger sep - vellum ser - star sfi - snatch or rodent sfiv - figure out, calculate sfren - out, outside sim - now, immediate, present sis - water so - plain (geography), place, point soh - house, dwelling sohf - window spa - beauty spi - leap spin - bend, bent, crooked spor - scenic srai - sear, burn staf - afternoon stal - quick, agile stal - slope, rate of change, dervitive (*y/*x) stas - center, core stat - simple, easy sten - honor, homage stust - art ta - to teach tah - two tai - crystal tal - past tam - nothing, empty, no-one tan - sleep tao - inverse, x^-1, also placed in front of a trig function meaning arcsin, etc. tar - jewel tark - wall, barrier, limit, end, mathematical limit tas - container; usually referring to small vials or crystal boxes te - master tel - respect tem - aura ten - shape, figure tha - substance that - after the - image tho - flee tif - guile tihv - spring, jump tik - attract, close tim - fall (political) tin - song, singer tis - see to - craft or create toh - child tok - improve/augment tor - vigour, stamina tos - ascension, to rise trai - accelerate, speed up, haste tras - hard tris - sapphire trus - night ub - to give, bestow; when, until ud - no, a negative response, minus, subtract, bad ufv - tool uln - to branch, branching ult - circumference ulv - composition (science) ur - harmful, poisonous, radioactive usk - harm (emotional) uul - ally uum - cotangent function (adjacent/opposite) uuv - ask, question vah - person or people vahr - hill vaht - clan vai - cold, ice, to freeze vaik - write, record vasf - purchase, buy vei - north vek - abase vel - ferry vhed - through vhef - rank vho - control (science) vist - magnet, magnetism vohg - barbarian voi - dead, death, die vop - orange vorb - decay, rot, wither vpof - with vpog - pure vrah - second (time) vron - echo vu - down vyv - nervousness or paranoia vyx - bottom wil - luck wlom - mud wlop - harm, wound, hurt (physical) wlort - battle wor - rod, stick, wand x - of or pertaining to philosophy z - full za - long/far, dangerous, distance zak - world, universe zi - mystery, enigma zim - to mix, combine, summation (sigma) zo - table zon - zero zor - green zr - lots (hundreds, thousands, etc.), exponential zrach - e^n power zrad - gravity zrai - history zrain - 10^n power zran - exponent, to the nth power zro - logarithm zroach - natural logarithm zron - to sap, drain zull - square zy - decimal point zym - at
English to Novah
10^n power - zrain a negative response - ud a trap - rach abase - vek above - aik abundant - llef accelerate - trai acidic - chark across - chi add - lom adhere - dhef adjacent side of triangle - kres admonish - nehm adobe - kep affirmative - lom after - that afternoon - staf aged - glir (glyr) agile - stal agitated - ar agreement - paa algebra - kahr ally - uul alone. See 'en' - eb also placed in front of a trig function meaning arcsin - tao always - jaik ambitious - a analyze - ig and - pen angle - fen animal - mem animal hide - jedh apart - ell apprentice - klo architecture - den area - ent arid - pehk arm - nasr art - stust ascension - tos ask - uuv at - zym attract - tik aura - tem away - misk axis (graphing) - nech backward - fel bad - ud barbarian - vohg barrier - tark basalt - prev battle - wlort bearer - kyh beauty - spa bed - lem before - blust being - ro below - kat bend - spin beneath - kat beneficial - lom bent - spin bestow; when - ub beyond - chi bind - oh birth - len black - esk blade - ik blessing - man blood - old blue - al boat - dahr book - llom boredom - kist bottom - vyx bowl - lak boy - ail branch (tree) - mav branching - uln bravery - pit brittle - hraisk brother - falw bubble - rehg building - den burden - par burn - srai buy - vasf by - kahg bye - nesd calculate - sfiv calm - lis capitulate - ehf capture - dhel carefree - pum carnivore - mefv cauldron - lak caves - ai cease - chiv center - stas certain - jaik chair - sal chance - ho change - nu chaos - jel chaotic - jel charged - oz charm - chult chasm - gad chemicals - afv child - toh choose - hald chop - dhaiv circle - kor circumference - ult clan - vaht clean - kre clear - ip close - mao close - tik coefficient - nhel cold - vai combine - zim common - ghik compete - ghef competitive - ghef complete - lenf complex - ifv compose - rihs composition (science) - ulv conflict - hreg constant - kejj container; usually referring to small vials or crystal boxes - tas content (newspaper) - ghai content (psyche) - sdoh control (science) - vho converse - lar copy - krai core - stas corrosive - chark cosecant function (hypotenuse/opposite) - jai cosine function (adjacent/hypotenuse) - bao cost - phyr cotangent function (adjacent/opposite) - uum courage - pit craft or create - to crooked - spin crystal - tai cube - ro cup - lak curious - a current (water and time) - jefv curve - paz cut - asg cut - dhaiv cutter - asg dance - lon dangerous - za dark - di date - behn daughter - pai day - kal dead - voi death - voi decay - vorb deceive - chult decelerate - mud decimal point - zy decrease - nump deep - isk define - no definition - no depressed - mahx depression - mahx dervitive (*y/*x) - stal despise - ais destroy - anv devotion - on diameter - lan die - voi different - poh difficult - nef dimension - nai directions - korv disk - sal dispel - evk distance - za disturbance (usually referring to civil) - bin divine - ora diviner - ora divinity - ora dome - olg doom - drib down - vu drain - zron dream or dreamer - ol dreary - fdel drift - dal drifting - dal drip - lehk drown - denf dry - hraisk dull - blot dust - lith dwelling - soh e^n power - zrach earth - or east - ku easy - stat echo - vron edge - dron eight - if electric - oz emotional pain - dhet empty - tam empty - h end - tark energy - kry enigma - zi entangle - rach enter - hait entrap - rach erode - bofv etc. - tao etc. - ah etc.) - zr eternal - inf eve - kreh even - rikh everlasting - inf evil - ohv examine - ig exchange - raiv exit - jave expect - las experiment or contemplate - nath exponent - zran exponential - zr expression - dhai faith - on faithful vassal - prel fall (physical) - kru fall (political) - tim fang - gyr farewell - nesd farm or farmer - bott father - aon fee - ahl ferry - vel figure - ten figure out - sfiv final - ind fine - ifv finger - sent fire - ra first - le fish - fas five - bel flee - tho flesh - gra floor - or flow - kas follow - isb food - noth fool - chult foot - hrad for - gho fore - ghil foreground - ghil fountain - glan four - pil front - ghil full - z fungus - porf future - lo girl - pai glass (or to damage) - del gloomy - di glow - el goo - chuu good - lom graph - nel gravity - zrad great - dwil great leader - bok greed - nehb greedy - nehb green - zor grey - oth ground - or guard - ghik guarding - ghik guide - lehm guile - tif guilt - alv hand - ink hard - tras harm - wlop harm (emotional) - usk harmful - ur haste - trai hate - ais haunt - hrai head - dra health - la heart - bes heavy - lorn herbivore - plet hidden or to hide - gnee high - aik hill - vahr history - zrai hold or posses - gli hollow - khof homage - sten honor - sten hostility - ak hot - pu hour - chel house - soh humble - mohk humility - preh hurt (physical) - wlop hyperbolic (precedes trig function to make hyperbolic) - kru hypotenuse of triangle - nert ice - vai identity - ker image - the immediate - sim impale - bohl impossible - jux improve/augment - tok in - khel increase - nask insect - chit inside - khel instructor - nehk integral ( *f(x)dx ) - ent interfere - behl inverse - tao iron - kor is the number e or lim x->infinity of (1 + 1/x)^x or approx. 2.71828182845904523536. - ach jewel - tar journey - kha joy - der jump - tihv knowledge - pres lake - li land - or large - dwil last - ind law - fev leaf - haif leap - spi learn - pin leave - naf left - naf left (direction) - kap leg - ghel legacy - aiv lies - lort life - na light - ka light (weight) - lin like - dhe like - fehr limit - tark line - not listen or hearing - aif living - na lizard (for food) - aom locked or closed - dah lofty - aik logarithm - zro logic - kefv long/far - za lord - dho lost - jan lots (hundreds - zr love - mu low - kat luck - wil machinery - rhofv mage - ka magical portal - draid magnet - vist magnetism - vist master - ahd master - te masterful - a mathematical limit - tark mathematical or scientific law - fevr meddle - behl memory - lor metal - ihv mind - id minus - ud minute - mhef minute (time) - bhev mirror - ben mist - jekk monotone - aof month - seht monument - gyn morning - jor mother - dhaa mud - wlom multiply - orv multitude - hai mushrooms - ri music - lai mystery - zi naming; usually referring to the ritual - deka natural logarithm - zroach near - mao near complete - dron negotiate - lhev nervousness or paranoia - vyv nether - dak never - jux new - orlg night - trus nine - ain no - ud noble - dho no-one - tam north - vei nothing - tam now - sim numbers - oat numerals - oat occasionally dragon - nakt ocean - olm odd - osk of no importance - mhef of or pertaining to ecology - klev of or pertaining to economics - phi of or pertaining to philosophy - x omnivore - bhof one - en opposite side of triangle - o or alive - na or defeat - aa or irate - ar or order - bit or road - men or spirit - ro orange - vop original - le original (not copied) - kho out - sfren outside - sfren pain (physical) - kavt palm - pi passage - men past - tal path - kha path - men patience - bon peace - it pentagram - bof perceive - pros perception - pros perfection - rin (ryn) perimeter - glos person or people - vah petrify (verb) - pef pi (circumference/diameter) - l piercing - kaf pit - gad place - so plain - ghik plain (geography) - so plane (astral) - chai plane (math) - lham plant - ghof plus - lom point - so poisonous - ur poke - eig policy - fev pond - mad position - por positive - lom possessive - nehb possible - ix power - ai present - sim primary - le prism - ghan problems - lit process - int prod - eig psyche - ah psychic - ah psychology - ah pull - chod purchase - vasf pure - vpog push - ist pyramid - eks question - uuv quick - stal race - alth radiance - ia radiant - ia radioactive - ur raise - lep random - jel rank - vhef rash (action) - dhas rash (health) - deb rate of change - stal raze - hresk record - vaik red - akh reflection - ben regular - ald release - defv repel - misk reprimand - nehm research - hrel respect - tel restrain - rehd right (direction) - nah right (morals) - hef ripple - kai river - kas river - kas rock - or rod - wor room - an rot - vorb rotate - pan round - fak ruby - is rug - mas ruins - don ruler - mahv run - alth sad - dhet same - dhe sapphire - tris scarce - inx scare - raif scenic - spor scheme or schemer - nas sear - srai secant function (hypotenuse/adjacent) - fai second (time) - vrah sedge - esg see - tis seek - nol seeker - nol select - hald separate - ell serious - kro settle - lhev settlement - paa seven - kov sever - dhaiv shallow - airv shape - ten shapeable - lhor shaping - ka sharp - az shell - in shimmer - rin (ryn) shine - ia shining - ia shudder - ihf sick - glir (glyr) sight - fren silver - pir similar - dhe simple - stat sine function (opposite/hypotenuse sides of triangle) - pua singer - tin single - eb sister - gek six - hif skin - gra slay - aa sleep - tan slime - chuu slope - stal slow - mud small - ifv small - mhef snatch or rodent - sfi soft - lhor solid - maf somber - lhan sometimes - ix son - ail song - tin sorrow - dhet soul - bhef soul - bok sound - lai south - bor speak/speaker - no spectral - bos speed up - trai spread - blev spring - tihv spring (water and season) - cho square - zull stagnant - dri stamina - tor star - ser status - por statute - fev steadfast - prel stick - wor still - dri stone - pef stone (material) - mehd stop - chiv strange - osk strife - hreg study - pin substance - tha subtract - ud summation (sigma) - zim surrender - ehf swamp - esg swirl - aol table - zo take action - ot talk - lar tall - aik tangent function (opposite/adjacent) - juu tarry - dhef teacher - nehk temporal - bosg test - for text - rah thousands - zr three - ner through - vhed time - hi to be - a to bear - kyh to branch - uln to command - bit to control - ahd to direct - korv to divide (mathematics) - ell to do - ot to draw - klav to eat or drink - aiz to freeze - vai to give - ub to have - jef to hide another - mhev to hide oneself - khom to identify - ker to initiate - enf to kill - aa to mix - zim to own - red to plot or plan - ris to reflect - ben to rise - tos to sap - zron to teach - ta to the nth power - zran to walk or move - e tool - ufv tooth - gyr top - aot towards - sek tower - eg town - av trade - raiv treatise - paa treaty - paa tree - hron trick - chult troubles - lit trusty man - prel truth - se two - tah under - kat unit of measurement; about 800 feet - blm universe - zak until - ub up - kob upset - ar usually drake - nakt valour - pit value - ipa vanish - dhev variable - mhon vellum - sep vigour - tor village - man violet - bam volume (mathematics) - ge wall - tark wand - wor wander - dal want - fehr watch or observer - pon water - sis waterfall - dhael wave - rai week - kaf welcome - iv west - hal wet - jusb white - ren whole - lenf will (mind) - ned wind - ieb window - sohf wisdom - at wise - at wise - ihr with - vpof wither - vorb world - zak wound - wlop write - vaik wrong - gev wyrm or serpent - khot x^-1 - tao year - kahl yellow - sav yes - lom zero - zon
Aeon - Wind of Faith (E2) Akhronath - Red Cube of Experimentation (E2 and before) Avit - Town of Peace (E2) Azik - Sharp Blade (E2) Baia - Northern Curiosity (BoE; VoDT) Bentis - Reflector of Vision (E2) Caffren - Piercing Gaze (E2) Casser - River of Stars (BoE; ZaKhazi) Chitglir - Insect of Sickness (roach) Chito - Insect of Binding (spider) Chitrach - Insect of Entanglement (E2) Clodeca - Apprentice of Naming (E2) Corman - Circle of Blessing (E2) Crean - Clean Room (E2) Delrin - Shimmering Glass (E2) Dribbin - Doom of Disturbance (E2) Egli - Tower of Lake (E2) Elohi - Walker of Future Time (E2) Forid - Test of Mind (E2) Forla - Tester of Health (E2) Forrach - Test of Strength (E2) Forstal - Test of Speed (E2) Gaddika - Chasm of Dark Light (E2) Gadra - Pit of Fire (E2) Gelak - Volume of Cauldron (Control Panel of Rentar-Ihrno; E3) Ghikra - Guarding Fire (E3) Glantris - Fountain of Sapphires (E2) Gliak - Holder of Hostility (BoE; ZaKhazki) Haledon - Western Walk of Ruins (E2) Hydra - Multitude of Heads (E2) Hraithe - Haunting Spirit (E2) Iglit - Analyzer of Troubles (E2) Ihrno - Wise Speaker (E2) Intenf - Process of Initiation (Control Panel of Rentar-Ihrno; E3) Jekknol - Mist Seeker (E2) Keripa - Identifier of Value (E2) Kruor - Falling Land (a rock slide or cave in) Kyhar - Bearer of Agitation (E3) Mancuso - Village of East Plain (E2) Navoi - Living Dead (Undead) Novah - Speak of the People (Vahnatai Tongue) Olgai - Dome of Power (E2) Ohar - Binder of Agitation (E3) Oratem - Diviner of Auras (E2) Orlg-Zakryn - New Universal Perfection (BoE; Orlg-Zakryn) Pider - Palm of Joy (E2) Pinafv - Learning of Chemicals (chemistry) Pinkas - Learning of Stars (astronomy) Pinkhel - Learning of Insides (anatomy) Pinna - Learning of Life (biology) Pinnel - Learning of Graphs* Pinnerten - Learning of Triangles (trigonometry) Pinoat - Learning of Numbers (math) Pinten - Learning of Shapes (geometry) Pinzak - Learning of Universe (physics) Poravf - Status of Chemicals (Control Panel of Rentar-Ihrno; E3) Pratam - Burden to Nobody (E2) Presso - Knowledge of Places (BoE; ZaKhazi) Presto - Knowledge of Crafting Prossis - Perceiver of Water (E2) Puor - Hot Earth (Lava) Raiik - Waveblade Riditas - Mushrooms of the Dark Container (E2) Rentar - White Jewel (E2) Seno - Truth Speaker (E2) Sera - Star of Curiosity (E2) Spira - Leaper of Fire (E2) Stalra - Swift Fire (Quickfire) (E2) Taho - Chance (Accidental) Teaching (E2) Tekora - Master of Iron's Being (E2) Thalen - Substance of Birth (Control Panel of Rentar-Ihrno; E3) Tokor - Craftsman of Iron (E2) Ubahl - To Give a Fee (pay) Ublis - Bestower of Calmness (E2) Vahnatai - People of Living Crystals (E2) Vahnavoi - People of Living Dead (E2) Vahor - Person of Earth, a golem Vpoftok - With Child (pregnant) Vyvnas - Paranoid Schemer (E2) Wilvron - Listener of Echoes (E2) Za-Khazi - Dangerous Path of Enigma (BoE; ZaKhazi) Zoat - Table of Wisdom (BoE; ZaKhazi)
Culture & Idioms
Greeting in Novah
The most formal greeting is only given to superiors and sovereigns. It cannot be used in any other way - in fact, greeting a person of the same social standing or even a subordinate thusly would likely be taken as a mockery, and an insult. This is a'prehv blust s'at, closely, I bow before your wisdom.
The common formal greeting is given in all other situations. This is s'ka kal, or you brighten the day.
Close friends informally greet each other by calling out each other's birth names - leaving out the title. This form of greeting is only used by friends and implicates a level of familiarity.
- Vahnatai Week, by Drakefyre, on Drakefyre's Demesne